“And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples. And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.” (Luke 19:38-40)
From our last article, we saw that when prophecy was to be fulfilled, the Most High would have His people respond in the Spirit of that fulfillment, taking their place in prophecy. Yet if they do not do this, then the rocks would cry out. We saw clearly that the flood in the days of Noah has abundant witnesses present on the earth to give warning to God’s judgments.
Likewise, we are living in the last days, when the judgments are soon to be poured out without measure, and the blessing of the Most High will likewise be poured out without measure. If the professed people of God forbear to declare the judgments coming upon the world, then the remnant of witnesses upon the earth in archaeology will proclaim faithfully that which God’s professed children have failed to do. We will now look at several other evidences that have taken place for the Biblical account of the Exodus.
ARCHAEOLOGY- THE ROCKS CRYING OUT- THE EXODUS
God gave to Abraham a prophetic dream of both his seed going into Egypt, and coming out again with great substance. “And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance.” (Genesis 15:13-14)
How they came into Egypt was another matter of particular interest. The ten sons of Israel became envious of Joseph (Benjamin would be born later), heirs of the same envy of their mother Leah towards her sister Rachel. Jacob’s preference for Rachel, and of Joseph her son was evident before the rest of his sons. As a result, they betrayed him, and sold him into the hand of the Egyptians.
Joseph’s time in Egypt was a significant one. Under severe circumstances, he was thrown into prison. In a sweep of circumstances, God opened the way for him to interpret the coming judgment upon the land to Pharaoh, revealed to him by a dream.
In the first dream, the pharaoh saw seven cattle, fat in flesh, coming up out of the river. Then another seven came out of the river, very sickly and lean, and ate the seven cattle, yet were made no better.
In the second dream, the pharaoh saw “seven ears came up in one stalk, full and good…”, after this, “seven ears, withered, thin, and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them: And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears…” (Gen. 48:18-24)
Joseph declared the interpretation of the dream as seven years of plenty and seven years of famine: “The seven good kine are seven years; and the seven good ears are seven years: the dream is one. And the seven thin and ill favoured kine that came up after them are seven years; and the seven empty ears blasted with the east wind shall be seven years of famine.” (Genesis 41:26-27)
From this, Joseph was exalted to vice-regent of the kingdom, only under Pharaoh himself. He gave instruction that storehouses should be made, and during the seven years of plenty, that they should be filled with grain. “And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; for it was without number.” (Genesis 41:49)
The Famine Stela (seen above) is an inscription written in Egyptian hieroglyphs located on Sehel Island in the Nile near Aswan in Egypt, which tells of a seven-year period of drought and famine during the reign of pharaoh Djoser of the Third Egyptian Dynasty. It was known as a land-grant written almost a millenia later. The text speaks of an upset and worried pharaoh Djoser, as the land has been in the grip of a drought and famine for seven years, during which time the Nile has not flooded the farmlands. It speaks of Imhotep, which according to Djoser’s heirogylphics in his pyramid complex was “chief after the king”, instructing regarding a dream to save Egypt from it’s famine. Though the story from the Stela is corrupted, it contains all the elements of the Biblical account of the seven-year famine.
Imhotep was none other than Joseph himself, who by the wisdom given him of God, saved Egypt and the surrounding countries. Imhotep was known as the one who taught the Egyptians to build with hewn stone. He aided in the building of the earliest built pyramid complex in Saqqara, Egypt, and the eleven massive storehouses near his tomb.
THE PLAGUES OF EGYPT
The Bible speaks of the ten plagues that came upon a pharaoh that knew not Egypt, and enslaved Israel with hard bondage. Previous to this pharaoh, they had resided in the land of Egypt, after they sons of Jacob came into Egypt and were miraculously preserved by God through the instrumentality of Joseph. One document has come to light that significantly speaks of the judgment of plagues that came upon Egypt.
The Ipuwer papyrus was discovered in Memphis, in the Saqqara region. Impuwer was a priest that lived in ancient Egypt, and made his complaints to the gods of Egypt that Egypt has been drastically turned into chaos.
GRAIN DESTROYING HAIL
Ipuwer Papyrus: “Indeed, gates, columns and walls are consumed by fire…Lower Egypt weeps… The entire palace is without its revenues. To it belong [by right] wheat and barley, geese and fish…Indeed, that has perished which was yesterday seen. The land is left over to its weariness like the cutting of flax…Indeed, grain has perished on every side.” 2:10-10:3-6
Exodus Account: ““…and the fire ran along the ground… there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous…and the hail smote every herb of the field, and broke every tree of the field…and the flax and the barley was smitten; for the barley was in season, and flax was ripe…there remained no green things in the trees, or in the herbs of the fields, through all the land of Egypt.” Exodus 9:23-10:15)
Ipuwer Papyrus: “All animals, their hearts weep. Cattle moan… Behold, cattle are left… and there is none to gather them together.” (5:5, 9:2-3)
Exodus Account: “…the hand of the Lord is upon thy cattle which is in the field… and there shall be a very grievous sickness… gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field… And he that did not fear the word of the Lord left his servants and cattle in the field.” (Exodus 9:3-21)
DARKNESS COVERS THE LAND
Ipuwer Papyrus: “The land is without light” (9:11)
Exodus Account: ““And there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt.” (Exodus 10:22)
RIVER TURNED TO BLOOD
Ipuwer Papyrus: “Plague is throughout the land. Blood is everywhere. The river is blood… Men shrink from tasting – human beings, and thirst after water… That is our water! That is our happiness! What shall we do in respect thereof? All is ruin.” (2:5,6,10, 3:10-13)
Exodus Account: “…all the waters of the river were turned to blood…there was blood thoughout all the land of Egypt …and the river stank…And all the Egyptians dug around the river for water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of the river.” (Exodus 7:21-24)
DEATH OF THE FIRSTBORN
Ipuwer Papyrus: “It is groaning throughout the land, mingled with lamentations…He who places his brother in the ground is everywhere… Indeed, the children of princes are dashed against the walls… Indeed, the children of princes are cast out in the streets. The prison is ruined…” (2:13-6:12)
Exodus Account: “And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive that was in the prison…there was not a house where there was not one dead …there was a great cry in Egypt.” (Exodus 12:29-30)
PILLAR OF FIRE BY NIGHT
Ipuwer Papyrus: “Behold, the fire has mounted up on high. Its burning goes forth in the way of the enemies of the land.” (7:1) Note: The “enemies” of Egypt would be the Israelites.
Exodus Account: “About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: … by day in a pillar of cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night.” (Exodus 11:4, 13:21)
LEAVING WITH GREAT SUBSTANCE
Ipuwer Papyrus: ““Gold and lapis lazuli, silver and malachite, carnelian and bronze… are fastened on the neck of female slaves.” (3:2)
Exodus Account: “…and they requested from the Egyptians, silver and gold articles and clothing. And God made the Egyptians favour them and they granted their request… [The Israelites] thus drained Egypt of its wealth.” (Exodus 12:35-36)
Part II of the Exodus (Red Sea Crossing) archaeological account will be released soon.